Attachment theory is a theory of affect regulation and interpersonal relationships.
The manuscript did not receive research support from any funding body. Abstract Social policies and social work practices are increasingly influenced by attachment theory. Women who have been subjected to domestic violence by male partners are being assessed within this discourse, which takes little account of societal perspectives, which sustain injustices and power differentials.
Domestic violence is known to be a major social problem but when attachment theory is applied to women and their babies in domestic violence it negates knowledge based in lived experiences.
Rather attachment theory is informed by non-gendered family violence perspectives and research instruments, which frame domestic violence within an individualised perspective. In this way, women and their A study on bowlbys attachment theory psychology essay are observed and classified without regard for the societal factors, which affect them.
In view of this, there is a need for critical social workers to question attachment theory and the positivist research instruments, which are being used to inform theory and practice. Particularly with regard to domestic violence as a gendered, societal issue, a broad perspective, which promotes a social justice view and the need for social change is indispensable.
In both roles, she has become increasingly concerned about how some social workers and social work students are enthusiastically embracing attachment theory without considering applications of this theory through a critical lens.
It is not repudiated that the relationships between women and their children are important. However, when women and their children are the sole focus of assessment and treatment based in attachment theory broader societal issues and a gendered analysis are eclipsed.
Many are encouraged to do so by mainstream services, which simultaneously adopt a family violence perspective.
It is of concern when family violence and attachment theory perspectives combine to disavow deep knowledge based on lived experiences, which have informed the field of domestic violence over the past decades.
Although, the application of attachment theories to domestic violence have been critiqued Buchanan,the family violence and attachment instruments, which are used to assess women who endure domestic violence have not, until now, been the subject of enquiry.
Following an exploration of domestic violence and family violence perspectives, attachment theory applications are described and critiqued and the use of popular survey and assessment tools, which are used by researchers and practitioners to code and classify relationships between women and their babies are problemitized.
A seminal study Zeanah et al. In conclusion, the author calls for critical social workers to question applications of attachment approaches with particular concern for women who endure violence from their partners.
Historically critical, feminist enquiry has informed knowledge, which includes deep understandings about the definition, nature, prevalence and effects of domestic violence Harding, Such understandings of domestic violence consider social structures, which support gendered inequity and they define domestic violence as one way that patriarchy maintains dominance of women and children Danmant et al.
Participants in qualitative, feminist research who are encouraged to authentically locate real life struggles have informed these understandings.
Feminist understandings of domestic violence, informed by the lived experiences of women, continue to resonate with women today. Global appreciation of the gendered nature of domestic violence has been informed by research, which embraces lived experience as well as by multiple, large-scale quantitative research studies.
A Broad Scope of Violence in Interpersonal Relationships Within feminist discourses, it is recognised that there are circumstances where women are violent to their male partners.
In other situations, both partners resort to using violence in their relationships. Findings concerning violence in other circumstances do not discount the existence of domestic violence as a gendered pattern of coercive control, which affects significant numbers of women and children.
It is also evident that violence occurs in same sex partnerships. From a feminist perspective, this is understood to include coercive control, which is present in same sex partnerships because of the impact of dominant socio-political systems, which oppress minority populations McClennen, Family Violence Perspectives While international institutions have adopted feminist definitions and findings, feminists have been turning inquiry to the proliferation of multiple oppressions Chinn, ; Leung, Some proponents of this discourse negate gender issues by situating domestic violence as a product of family conflict undifferentiated from child abuse, elder abuse and abuse of parents by their offspring across all parameters of culture and race Ehrensaft, Viewed from the family violence perspective domestic violence is seen to have multiple causes.
These causes appertain to various stresses within the family and to individualised responses based in pathologies, or are viewed as justified responses to provocation Dutton, Within a family violence perspective, violent behaviour by men towards their female partners is sometimes perceived as inherited through poor parenting.
These views deny gender at the macro and micro levels Hunnicutt, Thus, the impact of societal institutions on women and men and the inherent nature of gendered roles within the family are denied. The focus can then turn instead to perceiving deficits in individual women and men.
Many women already feel responsible for the violence that is perpetrated against them and the family violence approach deflects them from seeing violence against them in a societal context. In addition, it encourages researchers to follow a line of enquiry, which furthers the status quo in an unjust society.
Gender is a slippery construct, that is, if it is not front and centre within an analysis, it tends to become invisible. Just because some practitioners and theorists ignore or minimise gender and its related power imbalances as a variable does not reduce its impact.
These instruments have become popular with large studies because they are simple, quick and easy to use and do not require skill or sensitivity on the part of the researcher. This is despite, or perhaps because, they are the only instruments, which find gender symmetry when used to measure domestic violence Loseke, This free Psychology essay on Essay: Bowlby's attachment theory and Paiget's cognitive theory is perfect for Psychology students to use as an example.
Home / Critical Social Work / Archive Volumes / Volume 14 No. 2 / A Critical Analysis of the use of Attachment Theory in Cases of Domestic Violence.
A Critical Analysis of the use of Attachment Theory in Cases of Domestic Violence. By Fiona Buchanan, PhD, BSW (). A feminist critique of attachment theory and evolutionary psychology. Bowlby's Theory of Attachment Essay.
In the light of changes to the family since are Bowlbys ideas about care for young children still relevant today? Dr. Meifen Wei explains Attachment theory and it's implications in Counseling and Psychotherapy.
Attachment theory is a theory of affect regulation and . Attachment theory explains how the parent-child relationship emerges and influences subsequent development.
Attachment theory in psychology originates with the seminal work of John Bowlby (). In the ’s John Bowlby worked as a psychiatrist in a Child Guidance Clinic in London, where he treated many emotionally disturbed children.
Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Study Notes - 10 min Back to 'Explore Psychology Resources on Moodle' Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Study Notes - 10 minutes.