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The island was first scouted after Haumaka dreamed of such a far-off country; Hotu deemed it a worthwhile place to flee from a neighboring chief, one to whom he had already lost three battles. After a easter writing activities for middle school stay at Anakena, the colonists settled in different parts of the island.
Similar sacred zones with statuary marae and ahu in East Polynesia demonstrates homology with most of Eastern Polynesia. At contact, populations were about 3, This fighting continued until the s.
Famine followed the burning of huts and the destruction of fields. Social control vanished as the ordered way of life gave way to lawlessness and predatory bands as the warrior class took over. Homelessness prevailed, with many living underground. This was an attempt by competing groups to destroy the socio-spiritual power, or mana, represented by statues, making sure to break them in the fall to ensure they were dead and without power.
None were left standing by the time of the arrival of the French missionaries in the s. The island was victimized by blackbirding from toresulting in the abduction or killing of about 1, with 1, working as indentured servants in Peru. Only about a dozen eventually returned to Easter Island, but they brought smallpox, which decimated the remaining population of 1, Easter Island colonization likely coincided with the arrival of the first settlers in Hawaii.
Rectifications in radiocarbon dating have changed almost all of the previously posited early settlement dates in Polynesia. Ongoing archaeological studies this late date: Significant ecological impacts and major cultural investments in monumental architecture and statuary thus began soon after initial settlement.
According to some theories, such as the Polynesian Diaspora Theorythere is a possibility that early Polynesian settlers arrived from South America due to their remarkable sea-navigation abilities.
Theorists have supported this through the agricultural evidence of the sweet potato. The sweet potato was a favoured crop found among Polynesian society for generations. However, the origins of the sweet potato trace back to South America, suggesting evidence of interaction at some point in time between these two geographic areas.
Ina voyage with reconstructed Polynesian boats was able to reach Easter Island from Mangareva in 19 days. The most visible element in the culture was the production of massive moai statues that some believe represented deified ancestors.
Teaching children how to write letters can be a fun experience. Even though traditional letter writing has taken a backseat to other popular forms of electronic correspondence, such as emails and texts, it's still an important skill children need to practice. Use this Easter display to review prepositions, vocabulary words, or for other learning activities. Printable Patterns for this craft are available to members. Coordinating Unit: Peter Rabbit. Easter Pocketchart Activity: This idea is a spin off of the Jack-O-Happy pocketchart activity that Victoria has on her Kinder Korner website. Instead of using Jack-O- Happy, I changed it to Chocolate Bunny.
Most settlements were located on the coast, and most moai were erected along the coastline, watching over their descendants in the settlements before them, with their backs toward the spirit world in the sea. Jared Diamond suggested that cannibalism took place on Easter Island after the construction of the moai contributed to environmental degradation when extreme deforestation destabilized an already precarious ecosystem.
Paschalococos possibly the largest palm trees in the world at the timeAlphitonia zizyphoidesand Elaeocarpus rarotongensis. At least six species of land birds were known to live on the island. A major factor that contributed to the extinction of multiple plant species was the introduction of the Polynesian rat.
Studies by paleobotanists have shown rats can dramatically affect the reproduction of vegetation in an ecosystem. In the case of Rapa Nui, recovered plant shell seeds showed markings of being gnawed on by rats.
The island was largely deforested, and it did not have any trees more than 3 metres 10 feet tall. Loss of large trees meant that residents were no longer able to build seaworthy vessels, significantly diminishing their fishing abilities.
One theory regarding the deforestation that caused such ecological and social damage was that the trees were used as rollers to move the statues to their place of erection from the quarry at Rano Raraku.
At first, the native tropical forests provided ideal shade cover for soil. But with many of the native forest being destroyed, the topsoil eroded, causing a sharp decline in agricultural production.
By the 18th century, residents of the island were largely sustained by farming, with domestic chickens as the primary source of protein. Beverly Haun wrote, "The concept of mana power invested in hereditary leaders was recast into the person of the birdman, apparently beginning circaand coinciding with the final vestiges of the moai period.
The god responsible for creating humans, Makemakeplayed an important role in this process.
Petroglyphs representing Bird Men on Easter Island are the same as some in Hawaii, indicating that this concept was probably brought by the original settlers; only the competition itself was unique to Easter Island. A study headed by Douglas Owsley published in asserted that there is little archaeological evidence of pre-European societal collapse.
Bone pathology and osteometric data from islanders of that period clearly suggest few fatalities can be attributed directly to violence. Through the interpretation of Hitihiti, Cook learned the statues commemorated their former high chiefs, including their names and ranks.
He made a detailed map of the bay, including his anchorage points, as well as a more generalised map of the island, plus some illustrations.Everything a teacher needs.
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Content filed under the Pre Writing Worksheets category. Coordinating Unit: Peter Rabbit. Easter Pocketchart Activity: This idea is a spin off of the Jack-O-Happy pocketchart activity that Victoria has on her Kinder Korner website. Instead of using Jack-O- Happy, I changed it to Chocolate Bunny.
Instead of using Jack-O- Happy, I changed it to Chocolate Bunny. Use this Easter display to review prepositions, vocabulary words, or for other learning activities. Printable Patterns for this craft are available to members.