Some of the important factors which may affect the learning process are as follows: The term refers to the individual mental level. Success in school is generally closely related to level of the intellect.
Students must wrestle with new vocabulary, rules for grammar and sentence structure, idioms, pronunciation and more. Some people, however, seem to catch on much more quickly than others.
Researchers have studied the reasons behind these discrepancies and have formed theories that may be helpful to English as second language teachers and students as they work with developing language skills for academic success and social interaction.
Learner Characteristics and Personal Traits People who are confident and outgoing find it easier to learn a second language.
They have less fear of making mistakes, and making mistakes is an integral part of learning a new skill. Introverts who struggle with social interaction are doubly challenged to practice speaking in a new language, although they may do well in written work. Motivation is also a powerful factor.
Intrinsic motivation, such as the desire to achieve personal goals and successfully learn the new language, and extrinsic motivation, such as the need to improve language skills in order to find a job or communicate with peers, are both important factors. Situational and Environmental Factors Students whose families and communities set high standards for language acquisition learn more quickly than those who do not.
Exposure to high-quality ESL programs is also essential. Students do best when they are allowed to speak their native language as they try to learn the new one because that helps them process the information. They also need exposure to native English speakers, both in and out of the classroom.
Ideally, students should hear English spoken at a level slightly above their own level of competence. The learning environment should be comfortable, and students' successes should be recognized.External factors are those that characterize the particular language learning situation.
Curriculum: For ESL students in particular it is important that the totality of their educational experience is appropriate for their needs.
Language learning is less likely to place if students are fully submersed into the mainstream program without any extra assistance or, conversely, not allowed to be part of the mainstream until .
A student’s personality can affect how they learn a second language. More introverted students have been shown to take longer to acquire a language because they’re more hesitant to make mistakes.
More introverted students have been shown to take longer to acquire a language because they’re more hesitant to make mistakes. 2 Stefanson, Tara O. Factors Affecting English Language Learners’ Literacy in US Schools Abstract This paper is designed to address the .
The factors that influence the acquisition of a second language Introduction. Some students learn a new language more quickly and easily than others. A student's cultural background can impact many aspects of their English language acquisition.
Some students may find that the language they speak at home is not the same language they use at school. There are a variety of factors that affect English language acquisition.
The more that you identify these factors, the more likely your students are to be successful.