In recognition of developmental differences between adults and juveniles, the juvenile justice system is intended to emphasize guidance, education, treatment, and rehabilitation over punishment. The system deals with juveniles who were under age 18 at the time of their offense. In addition to local law enforcement, county probation departments and juvenile courts work with local school districts and child welfare and behavioral health departments. County probation departments are also responsible for operating juvenile halls, camps, and ranches.
Juvenile Justice System Research Paper Posted on by admin Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society.
Although the results of criminal offences are the same, some would argue that the problem is much more complicated and demands more consideration that adult criminals. That is, the nature and circumstances of juvenile delinquency raise into discussion several main inherent moral and ethical dilemmas: First, since children and adolescences are much more responsive to environmental pressure, one should carefully consider the motives of a young criminal.
For example, a child who cannot afford a status symbol e. The same holds true for other types of criminal offence such as drug abuse and violence.
Second, minors are typically less experienced; therefore, their perception about good and bad differ from adults, and they are much more sensitive to manipulations. It is thus a sound assumption that many of the young prisoners are growing up into a life of crime. All those factors and others imply that the juvenile justice system should be coherently different from the adult criminal justice system.
The rationale for behind giving special handling with young offenders is the idea of parens patriae the state as parent.
This doctrine suggests that it is the responsibility of the state to protect and nurture children when their parents fail to do so. Therefore, when a minor commits a crime, he should receive a treatment rather than a punishment, and the legislator must make sure that the justice system considers the well—being of the specific offender more deeply than the seriousness of the offence.
The first juvenile court was established in Chicago in Until then, minors above seven years of age were brought to trial in a regular criminal court, although many countries have already operated designated prisons for juvenile offenders.
Throughout the following 50 years, the courts have evolved to a significantly different form from the rest of the system. Most importantly was the multidimensional approach towards the child, tailoring rehabilitation programs which best fit his specific situation. In some cases, however, young offenders were tried in criminal courts, as some still happens today.
However, this approach did not prove itself as an effective solution for the rising crime rates among youth.
As a result, the contemporary juvenile justice system is similar in many ways to criminal courts. Further changes in legislation defined a strict line towards young offenders. This approach involved, among others, reduced confidentiality for trial hearings which characterized the traditional juvenile justice system and contextual-based referral for criminal courts and adult correctional sanctioning in sharp contrast to the Act.
That is, age alone is no longer the only parameter for the type of court and the subsequent procedures and punishment methods. These changes and others, which took place during the s, have positively affected the number of crimes committed by youth and reduced the number of juvenile murderers.
Nonetheless, despite the positive results of the punitive policies during the last decade, other findings may imply that this line may worsen the situation in the long run.
Most of the criticism refers to the tendency to handle juvenile cases in the adult criminal justice and lockup systems, which may lead to increased criminal activities rather than reducing it.
Nevertheless, we should rethink and adjust the policies in reference to empirical evidence, in order to achieve the highest effectiveness of preventing juvenile offenders to lifetime criminals. The Legacy of Punitive Policy.
Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 6, pp.
Youth under age 18 in the adult criminal justice system. National Council on Crime and Delinquency. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32 4Spp. Retrieved June 16, from http: Juvenile Offenders and Victims:Jul 31, · The Juvenile Justice System Jodia M Murphy Kaplan University CJ Juvenile Delinquency Professor Thomas Woods July 31, Abstract This paper takes a brief look at the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system in the United States.
The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important .
The Juvenile Justice Court System was designed and dedicated to the adjudication of offenses committed by juvenile young person wrongdoers. To be over seen by the Los Angeles Superior Court Division of Juvenile Courts (Shouselaw).
In conclusion, the California Juvenile Justice System is in dire need of reform. In January of this year Govern Jerry Brown, proposed is plan to end the juvenile justice division by March (sfgate.
Juvenile Justice System Essay; Juvenile Justice System Essay. Words 7 Pages. This paper examines the Juvenile Justice System’s court process in the State of New Jersey and the State of California. The term juvenile delinquent was established so that young lawbreakers could avoid being classified in legal records as criminals. The Canadian Juvenile Justice System Essay - Youth and juvenile crime is a common and serious issue in current society, and people, especially parents and . Juvenile Justice essays In the society we live in today, juvenile justice is a nation wide concern of law enforcement. However to what extent the laws and penalties used towards the youth of today has been a major focus of many criminologists and organizations around the nation. Many people feel t.
com). In conclusion, the California Juvenile Justice System is in dire need of reform. In January of this year Govern Jerry Brown, proposed is plan to end the juvenile justice division by March (sfgate.
com). The Juvenile Justice System Words | 3 Pages. The juvenile justice system was founded with the goal to serve the best interests of the child, with an understanding .