The Tragedy of the Commons Science 13, December At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, J. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.
Here is an article originally published in the Spring of in Spectrum, a magazine for Christian teachers. A colleague by the name of Dr.
David Barratt responded and I was asked to briefly reply in the following issue of Spectrum. The Crucible and the Classroom: This is perhaps why his so-called moral plays, including The Crucible, have become standard reading in American High Schools and popular set-books for British G.
During these trials suspects were imprisoned, twenty of whom were executed for committing crimes in the name of the Devil.
The Crucible ought to be of interest to readers of this magazine for several reasons. Firstly, it is a play that many of our children will be confronted with at some time or other during their school or college days. Secondly, it is an attempt to come to grips with the problem of evil in man and to provide a solution to this problem.
Thirdly, Miller puts the blame for much of the evil in American society at the feet of its founder Puritans and their successors whom he identifies with the right-wing enthusiasts of the McCarthian era. In the case of The Crucible this negligence leaves children wide open to anti-Christian influences.
If parents discussed the pros and cons of such plays with their children at home, they would do them a great service. Most teachers of literature are only too happy to find pupils coming up with points of view on set books which are not found in the standard interpretations.
Thus schools may well be fully unaware of the damage such a play as The Crucible can do to the life of a young person who is striving to understand the problem of evil in the world. There have been perhaps as many films based loosely on the trials as there have been novels and plays.
These books and films are all guilty of grossly misrepresenting what actually happened. They depict in detail, for instance, the drinking of blood, dancing naked in the moonlight and adultery galore.
There is, however, no shade of evidence that any of the defendants or their accusers for that matter at the original trials were guilty of any of these things. Many of them were shown to have led very stable, healthy family lives.
Yet Shirley Barker, in her book, even has one of the accused committing adultery with the Devil himself in bodily form. One is tempted to believe that such writers were more superstitious than the seventeenth century people whom they professed to depict. Arthur Miller is perhaps the most radical of all writers on the Salem Witch Trials.
He tells us that, in effect, the trials were a bi-product of the adulterous conduct of a servant girl, Abigail Williams, with a married man, John Proctor.
Another servant girl, under the power of Abigail then accused Proctor. The latter, according to Miller, could have been saved from execution if he had been able to prove that he was an adulterer.The Crucible summary For the representatives of the Miller’s society being an honest and a decent man means not only respecting the religious doctrine but following its commandments literally.
For instance, Abigail is the evil character in terms of the Miller’s society as she is into material and sexual desires. The Crucible is a fictional retelling of events in American history surrounding the Salem Witch Trials of the seventeenth century.
Yet, is as much a product of the time in which Arthur Miller wrote it - the early s - as it is description of Puritan society. The Salem witch trials took place from. A short Arthur Miller biography describes Arthur Miller's life, times, and work.
Also explains the historical and literary context that influenced The Crucible. The Role of Reverend Hale as a Catalyst in The Crucible - The Salem witch trials of was an event that shaped the history of this country, as well as the lives of those whose wives and husbands were condemned to death.
We wish we could say you should read The Crucible for its awesome costumes.
Or its snappy dialogue. Or its hawt forbidden love story. Or the fact that, hey: witches are cool.. We wish we could but we can't. Freedom and the sovereignty of individual conscience are ideas that, in early American culture and in precursor movements in England and Europe, arose together and informed each other in important ways.