Sanskrit rocate "shines;" Armenian lois "light," lusin "moon;" Greek leukos "bright, shining, white;" Latin lucere "to shine," lux "light," lucidus "clear;" Old Church Slavonic luci "light;" Lithuanian laukas "pale;" Welsh llug "gleam, glimmer;" Old Irish loche "lightning," luchair "brightness;" Hittite lukezi "is bright". The -gh- was an Anglo-French scribal attempt to render the Germanic hard -h- sound, which has since disappeared from this word.
Thomas Moran - Chicago World's Fair - Brooklyn Museum painting of the Administration Building Many prominent civic, professional, and commercial leaders from around the United States participated in the financing, coordination, and management of the Fair, including Chicago shoe company owner Charles H.
Schwab,  Chicago railroad and manufacturing magnate John Whitfield Bunnand Connecticut banking, insurance, and iron products magnate Milo Barnum Richardsonamong many others.
World's fairs, such as London's Crystal Palace Exhibitionhad been successful in Europe as a way to bring together societies fragmented along class lines. The first American attempt at a world's fair in Philadelphia indrew crowds but was a financial failure.
Nonetheless, ideas about distinguishing the th anniversary of Columbus' landing started in the late s. Civic leaders in St. Louis, New York City, Washington DC and Chicago expressed an interest in hosting a fair to generate profits, boost real estate values, and promote their cities.
Congress was called on to decide the location. New York's financiers J. What finally persuaded Congress was Chicago banker Lyman Gagewho raised several million additional dollars in a hour period, over and above New York's final offer.
On a Senate hearing held in Januaryrepresentative Thomas B. Bryan argued that the most important qualities for a world's fair were 'abundant supplies of good air and pure water, Bryan continued to say that the fair was of 'vital interest' to the West, and that the West wanted the location to be Chicago.
The city spokesmen would continue to stress the essentials of a successful Exposition and that only Chicago was fitted to fill these exposition requirements. Burnham was selected as director of works, and George R. Burnham emphasized architecture and sculpture as central to the fair and assembled the period's top talent to design the buildings and grounds including Frederick Law Olmsted for the grounds.
Davis's team organized the exhibits with the help of G. Brown Goode of the Smithsonian. The Midway was inspired by the Paris Universal Expositionwhich included ethnological "villages". Frederick DouglassIda B. The exhibition included a number of exhibits put on by black individuals and approved by white organizers of the fair, including exhibits by the sculptor Edmonia Lewisa painting exhibit by scientist George Washington Carverand a statistical exhibit by Joan Imogen Howard.
It also included blacks in white exhibits, such as Nancy Green 's portrayal of the character, "Aunt Jemima" for the R. Brockhaus The fair opened in May and ran through October 30, Forty-six nations participated in the fair it was the first world's fair to have national pavilions constructing exhibits and pavilions and naming national "delegates" for example, Haiti selected Frederick Douglass to be its delegate.
The fair was originally meant to be closed on Sundays, but the Chicago Woman's Club petitioned that it stay open. Wacker was the Director of the Fair.
The layout of the fairgrounds was created by Frederick Law Olmsted, and the Beaux-Arts architecture of the buildings was under the direction of Daniel Burnham, Director of Works for the fair. Renowned local architect Henry Ives Cobb designed several buildings for the exposition. Indeed, it was a coming-of-age for the arts and architecture of the " American Renaissance ", and it showcased the burgeoning neoclassical and Beaux-Arts styles.
The original Ferris Wheel An exhibit hall interior The World's Columbian Exposition was the first world's fair with an area for amusements that was strictly separated from the exhibition halls.
This area, developed by a young music promoter, Sol Bloomconcentrated on Midway Plaisance and introduced the term "midway" to American English to describe the area of a carnival or fair where sideshows are located.
Tilyou, later credited the sights he saw on the Chicago midway for inspiring him to create America's first major amusement park, Steeplechase Park in Coney IslandNew York.This webpage is for Dr.
Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
Thanks! I enjoyed The Shadow of the Wind also, but that was before I started World Lit Up so you won’t find it on my blog. I bet that reading those books while absorbing the atmosphere of the place adds a whole other facet to your travel experience.
Whereas Marx and Engels followed Goethe in seeing world literature as a modern or even future phenomenon, in the Irish scholar H. M. Posnett argued that world literature first arose in ancient empires such as the Roman Empire, long before the rise of the modern national literatures.
The Kite Runner in World Lit II Research Paper We as people read for so many different reasons; to entertain and educate ourselves, to escape reality, to better ourselves, and to become more aware of the world around us.
This Earth Hour, on 30 March , join millions around the world to switch off and share why nature is important in our lives. Let's speak up and #Connect2Earth. Literature sets me free from the responsibilities of this world, and at the same time it ties me down to those same responsibilities.
Some literature I read for an escape; to journey to a far away land and go on a grand adventure with creatures beyond my imagination.